Causes and Management of Hernias

Causes and Management of Hernias

A hernia will often occur when an organ pushes its way through an opening in the muscle or tissue that should keep it held in its place. Here, we explain some of the causes and management of hernias, so you know what to do if you, or someone you know, suffers from one.

When you start looking at the causes and management of hernias, it’s important to start by looking into the causes. You will usually find it easier to manage and prevent hernias once you understand their causes and the causes and management of hernias are so closely linked.


What causes a hernia?

Hernias are usually caused some combination of muscle weakness and straining your muscles.

Some of the most common causes of muscle weakness are:

– failure of the abdominal wall to close properly during development

– age

– damage caused by an injury or during surgery

– persistent coughing


If your muscles are weak, straining your body is even more likely to cause a hernia. These factors can include:

– pregnancy (which puts pressure on your abdomen)

– constipation (which can lead to straining when trying to pass a stool)

– lifting something which is too heavy

– fluid in the abdomen

– rapidly gaining weight

– certain surgeries

– persistent coughing or sneezing


The next stage in understanding the causes and management of hernias is to fully understand how you can treat or prevent hernias.


1. Changes in your lifestyle

Changing your diet can sometimes help in treating the symptoms of a hernia, although they rarely make a hernia go away. If you have an existing hernia, try to avoid large meals and down lie down or bend over straight after a meal. Maintaining a healthy diet can, however, help you maintain a healthy weight and can help to strengthen your muscles – which can reduce the likelihood of further hernias.


Specific exercises can accompany a good diet in strengthening the muscles to reduce the symptoms of existing hernias and prevent further hernias developing. However, make sure you carry out exercises properly, as performing a stretch or move incorrectly can actually increase pressure on an area or muscle and can, in fact, cause a hernia.


2. Medication

If you have what is called a hiatal hernia, you will be able to take over-the-counter medicine designed to reduce stomach acid. This will help to relieve your symptoms and discomfort. You should always check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any medication for a hernia.


3. Surgical treatment

If you find that your hernia is continuing to get larger or cause you pain, your doctor may recommend surgical treatment. During surgery. your doctor may repair a hernia by sewing the hole that your organs pushed through shut.

You can also undergo open surgery which requires a longer recovery process and you may find that you are unable to move around normally for up to six weeks.


If you’re looking for help and advice about the causes and management of hernias, arrange to see a medical professional at our hospital in Marbella.