How to Treat a Burn at Home

How to Treat a Burn at Home

Many of us will suffer from a burn on a number of occasions within our own home. So it is crucial that you know how to treat a burn at home and that you can identify when it is okay to treat a burn at home and when you should consult a medical professional.


Here’s our step-by-step guide on how to treat a burn at home:


1 Rinse the Burn

The first thing to know about how to treat a burn at home, is to run the burned skin under cool water until the pain stops, the recommended time is usually 15-30 minutes. The cool water is needed to lower the temperature of the skin and stop the burn from becoming more serious. If you are unable to run the affected area under running water you can:

– Place your arms, hands, legs, or feet in a basin of cool water.

– Apply a cool compress to the burns if they are on the face or body.

– Avoiding ice or ice water this can cause tissue damage.

– Remove any jewellery, rings, or clothing that could be in the way or that would become too tight if the skin swells or blisters.


2 Make Sure the Area is Clean

Before cleaning the burnt skin, it is crucial that you wash your hands. Do not touch the burn with your hands are dirty. Open blisters can easily be infected so it is crucial that you do not use dirty hands or equipment to attempt to clean the area. If the blister is closed, make sure you do not break or burst it as this could leave it open to infection. Gently wash the area with clean water, you may find that some of the burned skin will come off as you wash. When learning how to treat a burn at home it’s important that you pat the area dry with a clean cloth or gauze, do not use a dry, rough or dirty towel to dry the area.


3 Bandage the Burn

One of the most important things to know about how to treat a burn at home is that if the blisters have not broken open, a bandage may not be needed and you should try to keep the burn uncovered in order to help the skin heal. However, if the blisters are likely to burst or be irritated by clothing, you should apply a bandage to reduce any discomfort.

If the blisters have broken open, a bandage is certainly needed. You can also redress your burn with a clean bandage whenever your bandage gets wet or soiled. If your bandage becomes stuck to a burn, soak it in some warm water. This will make the bandage easier to remove. Be sure to wrap the burn loosely to avoid putting pressure on the burned skin or blisters.


If the burn is on your arm or leg, try to keep the limb elevated as often as you can within the first 24-48 hours. This can help reduce the swelling of the burnt area.



Whilst you may now know how to treat a burn at home, it’s important to remember that if the area starts to swell uncontrollably, you should arrange to see a medical professional. We offer a home doctor in Marbella service so that you can be seen when you need to within your own home.